Week 5: Solution-Focused and Cognitive Behavioral Family Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(CBT): Family Versus Individual Settings Essay

Week 5: Solution-Focused and Cognitive Behavioral Family Therapy

When solution-focused and cognitive behavioral family therapy proved effective with individuals, therapists began applying these approaches to families. However, it quickly became evident that the translation of these approaches from individuals to families was more difficult than expected. Consider how you can successfully apply these therapies to your client families. Is one approach more effective than the other? What are the challenges of using these therapeutic approaches with families?

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This week, as you continue exploring therapeutic approaches and their appropriateness for client families, you examine solution-focused and cognitive behavioral therapy. You also develop diagnoses for clients receiving psychotherapy and consider legal and ethical implications of counseling these clients.


Learning Resources

Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

Required Readings

Wheeler, K. (Ed.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice. New York, NY: Springer.

  • Chapter 12, “Family Therapy” (Review pp. 429–468.)

Nichols, M. (2014). The essentials of family therapy (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

  • Chapter 10, “Cognitive-Behavior Family Therapy” (pp. 166–189)
  • Chapter 12, “Solution-Focused Therapy” (pp. 225–242)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.

Bond, C., Woods, K., Humphrey, N., Symes, W., & Green, L. (2013). Practitioner review: The effectiveness of solution focused brief therapy with children and families: A systematic and critical evaluation of the literature from 1990–2010. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 54(7), 707–723. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12058

Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.

Conoley, C., Graham, J., Neu, T., Craig, M., O’Pry, A., Cardin, S., & … Parker, R. (2003). Solution-focused family therapy with three aggressive and oppositional-acting children: An N=1 empirical study. Family Process, 42(3), 361–374. doi:10.1111/j.1545-5300.2003.00361.x

Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.

de Castro, S., & Guterman, J. (2008). Solution-focused therapy for families coping with suicide. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 34(1), 93–106. doi:10.111/j.1752-0606.2008.00055.x

Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.

Patterson, T. (2014). A cognitive behavioral systems approach to family therapy. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 25(2), 132–144. doi:10.1080/08975353.2014.910023

Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.

Perry, A. (2014). Cognitive behavioral therapy with couples and families. Sexual & Relationship Therapy, 29(3), 366–367. doi:10.1080/14681994.2014.909024

Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.

Ramisch, J., McVicker, M., & Sahin, Z. (2009). Helping low-conflict divorced parents establish appropriate boundaries using a variation of the miracle question: An integration of solution-focused therapy and structural family therapy. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 50(7), 481–495. doi:10.1080/10502550902970587

Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.

Washington, K. T., Wittenberg-Lyles, E., Oliver, D. P., Baldwin, P. K., Tappana, J., Wright, J. H., & Demiris, G. (2014). Rethinking family caregiving: Tailoring cognitive-behavioral therapies to the hospice experience. Health & Social Work, 39(4), 244–250. doi:10.1093/hsw/hlu031

Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.

Document: Group Therapy Progress Note

Required Media

Laureate Education (Producer). (2013c). Johnson family session 3 [Video file]. Author: Baltimore, MD.

 

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 5 minutes.

 

 

Discussion: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Family Settings Versus Individual Settings

Whether used with individuals or families, the goal of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is to modify client behavior. Although CBT for families is similar to CBT for individuals, there are significant differences in their applications. As you develop treatment plans, it is important that you recognize these differences and how they may impact your therapeutic approach with families. For this Discussion, as you compare the use of CBT for families and individuals, consider challenges of applying this therapeutic approach to your own client families.

Learning Objectives

Students will:
  • Compare the use of cognitive behavioral therapy for families to cognitive behavioral therapy for individuals
  • Analyze challenges of using cognitive behavioral therapy for families
  • Recommend effective cognitive behavioral therapy strategies for families

To prepare:

  • Review the media, Johnson Family Session 3, in this week’s Learning Resources and consider the insights provided on CBT in family therapy.
  • Reflect on your practicum experiences with CBT in family and individual settings.

Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the Post to Discussion Question link and then select Create Thread to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking Submit!

By Day 3

Post an explanation of how the use of CBT in families compares to CBT in individual settings. Provide specific examples from your own practicum experiences. Then, explain challenges counselors might encounter when using CBT in the family setting. Support your position with specific examples from this week’s media.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.

By Day 6

Respond to at least two of your colleagues by recommending CBT strategies to overcome the challenges your colleagues have identified. Support your recommendations with evidence-based literature and/or your own experiences with clients.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:

Week 5 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 6

To participate in this Discussion:

Week 5 Discussion

Week 5: Solution-Focused and Cognitive Behavioral Family Therapy


Assignment 1: Practicum – Week 5 Journal Entry

Learning Objectives

Students will:
  • Develop effective documentation skills for family therapy sessions *
  • Develop diagnoses for clients receiving family psychotherapy *
  • Evaluate the efficacy of solution-focused therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy for families *
  • Analyze legal and ethical implications of counseling clients with psychiatric disorders *

* The Assignment related to this Learning Objective is introduced this week and submitted in Week 7.

Select two clients you observed or counseled this week during a family therapy session. Note: The two clients you select must have attended the same family session. Do not select the same family you selected for Week 2.

Then, address in your Practicum Journal the following:

  • Using the Group Therapy Progress Note in this week’s Learning Resources, document the family session.
  • Describe each client (without violating HIPAA regulations) and identify any pertinent history or medical information, including prescribed medications.
  • Using the DSM-5, explain and justify your diagnosis for each client.
  • Explain whether solution-focused or cognitive behavioral therapy would be more effective with this family. Include expected outcomes based on these therapeutic approaches.
  • Explain any legal and/or ethical implications related to counseling each client.
  • Support your approach with evidence-based literature.

By Day 7 of Week 7

Submit your Assignment.


Assignment 2: Board Vitals

This week you will be responding to twenty Board Vitals questions that cover a broad review of your Nurse Practitioner program courses up to this point.

These review questions will provide practice that is critical in your preparation for the national certification exam that’s required to certify you to practice as a nurse practitioner. These customized test questions are designed to help you prepare for your Nurse Practitioner certification exam. It is in your best interest to take your time, do your best, and answer each question to the best of your ability.

You can access Board Vitals through the link sent to you in email or by following the link below:

https://www.boardvitals.com/

By Day 7

Complete the Board Vitals questions.

Week 5: Solution-Focused and Cognitive Behavioral Family Therapy

Making Connections

Now that you have:

  • Explored solution-focused and cognitive behavioral therapy and challenges related to these therapeutic approaches
  • Developed diagnoses for clients receiving family psychotherapy and considered legal and ethical implications of counseling these clients

Next week, you will:

  • Explore group therapy and consider how you might apply current literature to your own clinical practice
  • Examine your own practicum experiences involving group therapy sessions

 

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