Nursing Home and Acute Care Hospital Essay Paper.
A nursing home is facility that takes care of the elderly or retirees that had contributed to the Medicaid during their working years while an acute care giver facility provides care for a short period of time for severely sick individual during their recovery. Nursing Home and Acute Care Hospital Essay Paper.Most care in nursing homes is provided by certified nurses (Giacalone, & Duetsch, 2001), while in an acute care hospital, the services are given by qualified physicians and other clinical personnel.
The services of nursing home may be sponsored by Medicaid and is mostly given to old people while the services of acute care hospital is given to those who are coming out of ICU and need extended care in their recovery. Acute care facility may be referred to as hospitals while the nursing homes are mostly referred to as nursing facilities or skilled nursing facilities (Hospital Today, 2001).
These differences between the structure of nursing home and the acute care hospitals are as a result of government regulations. The government recognizes acute care facility as a facility that offers short-term services to people with acute injuries or recuperating from an acute condition. Nursing Home and Acute Care Hospital Essay Paper.These facilities take care of people of all ages (Kahn, Benson, Appleby, & Carson, Iwashyna, 2010).
On the other hand nursing home is a facility where elderly and younger people are taken to be taken care of. Acute care facilities are referred to as hospitals because their care is mostly related to that given in hospitals and most of its residents are recuperating patients. On the other hand, nursing home is not necessary for the sick people but the elderly (Hospital Today, 2001).
These differences are necessary because they determine the functions of both facilities. The government also relies on these definitions to determine which facility is legible for Medicaid. It must be noted that not all nursing homes are legible for the fund and therefore strict distinction should be made. Therefore the differences are necessary distinguishing factors.Nursing Home and Acute Care Hospital Essay Paper.
Long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHs) are facilities that specialize in the treatment of patients with serious medical conditions that require care on an ongoing basis but no longer require intensive care or extensive diagnostic procedures. These patients are typically discharged from the intensive care units and require more care than they can receive in a rehabilitation center, skilled nursing facility, or at home.
Where are LTACHs located?
LTACHs often are housed within the walls of an acute care hospital but function independently. LTACHs must be licensed independently and have their own governing body. LTACHs may also exist as a stand-alone facility. They may offer some outpatient services, such as laboratory or radiology procedures.
What are the benefits of LTACHs?
Because LTACHs are able to focus their energy and resources at a limited number of specialized treatments with minimal overhead, they are able to provide more cost-effective care than if these same patients were kept in acute care facilities.
What types of patients are seen in LTACHs?
Under Medicare, the patient must need more than 25 days of hospitalization. The average length of stay of a person in an LTACH is approximately 30 days.
The types of patients typically seen in LTACHs include those requiring:
- Prolonged ventilator use or weaning
- Ongoing dialysis for chronic renal failure
- Intensive respiratory care
- Multiple IV medications or transfusions
- Complex wound care/care for burns
What do Speech-Language Pathologists do in LTACHs?
SLPs provide a wide-range of services to individuals in these facilities. Since many patients have trachs and/or are ventilator-dependent, the SLP may work on swallowing abilities and tolerance for voice prostheses. SLPs may also work with the patient, family, and staff on ways to optimize the person’s communication, such as alternative and augmentative communication, and may inservice staff on swallowing problems and communicating with people who have speech and language disorders. Nursing Home and Acute Care Hospital Essay Paper.