Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Nursing and Global Health

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1.  Define global health and discuss the relation with community/public health nursing.

2.  How a new nurse can take to get involved in international health care.

3.  Discuss how the disease affects the people globally and what nurses can do in global public health to address and its impact.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

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As stated in the syllabus present your assignment in an APA format word document, Arial 12 font attached to the forum in the discussion tab of the blackboard titled “Week 15 discussion questions” for grading ( 9 points) and in the tab titled “Week 14 assignment” in Turnitin to verify originality (1 point value).  If the originality exceeds the percentage of plagiarism allow by the University points will be deducted.  In our last faculty meeting with our nursing director, assistant director, and lead professor it was discussed that if the references used in the assignment are not quoted in the assignment it is considered plagiarism.   A minimum of 3 evidence-based references besides the class textbook are required.   You must post two replies to any of your peers sustained with the proper references and make sure that the references that you use in your assignment are properly quoted in it.   A minimum of 800 words is required. Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Like all professions and disciplines, nursing is influenced by, and must respond to global trends needs, challenges, and opportunities. These strategies will influence and shape the future of the nursing community and health care nationally and internationally. Also in a global committee health care exhibit problems some of which are political, educational, educational, nursing , environment and social issues. Therefore, improving and achieving health in a global community is of great concern to the nursing profession. Hence, “health and healing varies across countries and culture, the pursuit of healthy individuals and communities is a universal goal” (Jacobsen, 2008, p. 1). Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper
“The prevalence of diabetes has reached epidemic proportions. The World Health Organization (WHO) has predicted that developing countries will bear the burden of this epidemic by the 21st century” (World Diabetes Foundation, 2011). In South Africa, 840,000 people are affected and this number is expected to increase to 1.3 million in another 25 years in the African community. “The global prevalence of diabetes is 6.4% and 3.8% in African regions. Low and middle income countries experience 70% of the current case of diabetes with an estimated 50.8 million people living with this diagnosis” (World Diabetes Foundation, 2011). Nurses as advocates should act on behalf of the given community by providing the knowledge and access to resources available. With the valuable information, family, individuals and the community can take charge of their health problem in a positive manner. This also will give them the confidence and knowledge that they can advocate for themselves and take full charge of their situation in a positive manner. Recently, a 22 year old young, black man was diagnosed with diabetes. While trying to teach him on different symptoms of hypo/hyperglycemia, he began to get angry and called his mother. Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper
Like all professions and disciplines, nursing is influenced by, and must respond to global trends needs, challenges, and opportunities. These strategies will influence and shape the future of the nursing community and health care nationally and internationally. Also in a global committee health care exhibit problems some of which are political, educational, educational, nursing , environment and social issues. Therefore, improving and achieving health in a global community is of great concern to the nursing profession. Hence, “health and healing varies across countries and culture, the pursuit of healthy individuals and communities is a universal goal” (Jacobsen, 2008, p. 1). Nurses can be advocate, educator, counselor as well as an advocate to this society.
With advanced technology, nursing is more connected and interdependent. The nursing professional unit is able to lobby to both local and international community organizations on behalf of the African community from anywhere in the world. Funding and education are necessary for this well needed community in order to assist in a caring and positive manner to combat their diagnosis of diabetes or related symptoms. With the increase in world-wide travel, infectious diseases now spread across the world at an alarming rate. Madeline Leininger, a well-known theorist in nursing, stated that “globalization implies an ethical and moral obligation for professional nurses to enter and function in a worldwide community” (Nursing Theories, 2011b).
Nurses have a great opportunity to enter the African community and exercise their certified ability to the needed population.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Though different in many respects from other types of services, health care services are also impacted by globalization. For example, some countries, especially developing ones, can attract customers by offering high quality health care at a lower cost than is available in their home country. And although this practice is relatively uncommon at the present time, our hypothesis is that, within a short time, this practice will greatly expand, partly due to the development of global standards of quality and the rise of processes of accreditation, both in health care and medical education.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Globalization: economic issues

Globalization is characterized by the circulation of goods and services between countries in response to criteria of efficiency. Such multilateral agreements between countries, unfortunately, often function to the detriment of the countries with less developed economies. Nevertheless, trade can also benefit developing countries. Outsourcing is one situation in which developing countries that are able to adopt standards, processes, and language of developed countries can benefit from the liberalization of the movement of goods and services. By undertaking some or all components of production or service provision for clients/consumers in the developed country, some economic benefits may occur to the developing country where the ‘outsourced’ service is provided.

But what, we might ask, is the impact of the process of globalization generally and outsourcing more particularly in the health care sector?Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

The circulation of health professionals

The movement of professionals in general tends to be detrimental to poorer countries. There are two aspects to this. The most classic is the settlement of young professionals, originally from less developed countries, in more developed countries from which they have graduated with professional credentials. A second phenomenon is the policy of some rich countries, who because they lack doctors and nurses, try to recruit recently trained graduates from poorer countries. The movement of professionals in this way is facilitated by systems that recognize degrees internationally.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper This issue has arisen recently, for example, in light of the ascension of Poland and the Czech Republic to the European Union and the mutual recognition of medical degrees that accompanied that integration []. Another emerging phenomenon is the development, in less developed countries, of medical curricula that have been adapted to North American or Western European standards and are offered in English, allowing such programs to negotiate a higher level of recognition worldwide and to provide a financially competitive education for students from wealthier countries.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

A new trend: the circulation of patients

The movement of patients is a more recent phenomenon. Though still marginal, so called ‘medical tourism’ is becoming more important. Treatments offered in western Europeans countries attract infertile couples from United States because they cost half or one third of those provided in North America. Elective surgery offered in highly sophisticated Indian hospitals tends to cost only 10–20% of identical treatment in western countries.

There is also a shift from personal initiatives to national incentives. Tunisia, for example, organized a conference at the beginning of December 2004 to attract health care purchasers from abroad. Purchasers, even those belonging to public systems can potentially be interested, when a reduction of costs by as much as 50–80% can be realized. A recent report shows that the issue has also been debated in Canada [].Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Will the development of international standards result in an explosion of health care outsourcing (Table )?
Table 1

International Quality Standards and Globalization

Services offered by different countries Services bought by individuals Quality/accreditation
Hospital care Care offered at lower price in a wide range of countries: elective surgery, aesthetic surgery, fertility treatment, and so on Europeans people (especially French) in Tunisia for aesthetic surgery, US people in Europe or South Africa for infertility treatment, and so on  Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper Development of international standards of accreditation of health care organization: Joint Commission International, Alpha program (Isqua), and so on
Medical education Courses in English for pregraduate training Medical school places offered in Poland, Czech Republic to citizens of other western countries, and so on International standards: World Federation for Medical Education, International Institute for Medical Education, Conférence Internationale des Doyens de Médecins d’ Expression Française, and so on  Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

We would argue that the development of international standards, increasingly proposed by professional bodies, both in the domain of quality of care (Alpha Program [] and International Joint Commission []) and in medical education (IIME, World Federation for Medical Education []) could potentially result in a significant increase in the movement of patients and health professionals across national boundaries. This will arise as external procedures accepted worldwide for the recognition of quality (in health care or in education) promise an equivalence of service.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

If this scenario comes to be, insurance companies will offer cheaper premiums (as will countries which are less and less able to finance the health care of their populations at least for elective and costly procedures), for care provided by countries that are ‘accredited’ and competitive. As difficult as it might be for us to imagine today, this phenomenon might also affect medical education. There are at least two reasons why this might occur. Firstly, medical education costs are soaring, and the promise of lower cost of education might be very attractive in an open educational ‘marketplace’. Secondly, the opportunity for students to train in the same places that patients from their countries are receiving care might be seen as both educationally sound and a bonus for patients who are being treated abroad. Eventually, we might imagine that countries that have welcomed international medical students for training might also like to recruit them to stay in order to provide care for patients who have come from the same countries of health care.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

What are the issues?

We foresee at least two issues that should be considered. The first is the potential of such developments to improve the quality in health care within the world. The second relates to issues of access to health care and the ethical dimensions associated [].

Developing international standards in medical education and health care delivery can help improving quality in health care all over the world. Nevertheless, two questions remain. To what extent can one be sure that international standards can be created that will fit the cultural, social, and economical contexts of very different countries? It is often assumed that, simply demonstrating compliance with quality processes, will lead to a result (of the education or of the treatment) that will be the same, whatever the country or the professionals involved. But to what extent can we be sure that applying, for example, North American (or European, or for that matter African or Asian) procedures and quality rules in other countries will lead to adequate quality?Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

The second question is ‘will adopting such universal standard contribute to the improvement of access to health care around the world?’ Simplistically, one might argue that simply lowering the cost of health care would give wider access to care (health care delivery would benefit a wider range of people and/or a wider range of care would be offered to people). But this has to be nuanced.

We have to consider who might benefit most from this new situation. Firstly, the patient may have little to say in where, when, and how their care is provided, given the priority of financial issues in the strategy of health care organization. Additionally, we can ask, how will we know if he or she really receive equivalent care at a lower price?Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Further, ethically speaking, it is not acceptable to exclude the local population from the benefits of care that is provided in their country for rich strangers, even if this organization allows less rich countries to develop employment in the health care sector. Finally, there is an inevitable and negative impact on employment in the health care sector of the rich countries who export their patients.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Conclusion

It is the turn of health care delivery to be globalized. Nevertheless, health cannot be assumed to be the same as other basic goods. Linked to health care are many complex ethical, cultural, and human resource issues that we have only begun to name. Further, it is the duty of health professionals to promote health as a global human right. ‘Global public goods’ [], and, for this reason, we all must be very careful before launching headlong into the globalization of health care and health professional education, taking care to be certain that if we do, it will be for the benefit of all around the world.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Nursing and Global Health

1.  Define global health and discuss the relation with community/public health nursing.

2.  How a new nurse can take to get involved in international health care.

3.  Discuss how the disease affects the people globally and what nurses can do in global public health to address and its impact.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

 

 

As stated in the syllabus present your assignment in an APA format word document, Arial 12 font attached to the forum in the discussion tab of the blackboard titled “Week 15 discussion questions” for grading ( 9 points) and in the tab titled “Week 14 assignment” in Turnitin to verify originality (1 point value).  If the originality exceeds the percentage of plagiarism allow by the University points will be deducted.  In our last faculty meeting with our nursing director, assistant director, and lead professor it was discussed that if the references used in the assignment are not quoted in the assignment it is considered plagiarism.   A minimum of 3 evidence-based references besides the class textbook are required.   You must post two replies to any of your peers sustained with the proper references and make sure that the references that you use in your assignment are properly quoted in it.   A minimum of 800 words is required. Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Like all professions and disciplines, nursing is influenced by, and must respond to global trends needs, challenges, and opportunities. These strategies will influence and shape the future of the nursing community and health care nationally and internationally. Also in a global committee health care exhibit problems some of which are political, educational, educational, nursing , environment and social issues. Therefore, improving and achieving health in a global community is of great concern to the nursing profession. Hence, “health and healing varies across countries and culture, the pursuit of healthy individuals and communities is a universal goal” (Jacobsen, 2008, p. 1). Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper
“The prevalence of diabetes has reached epidemic proportions. The World Health Organization (WHO) has predicted that developing countries will bear the burden of this epidemic by the 21st century” (World Diabetes Foundation, 2011). In South Africa, 840,000 people are affected and this number is expected to increase to 1.3 million in another 25 years in the African community. “The global prevalence of diabetes is 6.4% and 3.8% in African regions. Low and middle income countries experience 70% of the current case of diabetes with an estimated 50.8 million people living with this diagnosis” (World Diabetes Foundation, 2011). Nurses as advocates should act on behalf of the given community by providing the knowledge and access to resources available. With the valuable information, family, individuals and the community can take charge of their health problem in a positive manner. This also will give them the confidence and knowledge that they can advocate for themselves and take full charge of their situation in a positive manner. Recently, a 22 year old young, black man was diagnosed with diabetes. While trying to teach him on different symptoms of hypo/hyperglycemia, he began to get angry and called his mother. Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper
Like all professions and disciplines, nursing is influenced by, and must respond to global trends needs, challenges, and opportunities. These strategies will influence and shape the future of the nursing community and health care nationally and internationally. Also in a global committee health care exhibit problems some of which are political, educational, educational, nursing , environment and social issues. Therefore, improving and achieving health in a global community is of great concern to the nursing profession. Hence, “health and healing varies across countries and culture, the pursuit of healthy individuals and communities is a universal goal” (Jacobsen, 2008, p. 1). Nurses can be advocate, educator, counselor as well as an advocate to this society.
With advanced technology, nursing is more connected and interdependent. The nursing professional unit is able to lobby to both local and international community organizations on behalf of the African community from anywhere in the world. Funding and education are necessary for this well needed community in order to assist in a caring and positive manner to combat their diagnosis of diabetes or related symptoms. With the increase in world-wide travel, infectious diseases now spread across the world at an alarming rate. Madeline Leininger, a well-known theorist in nursing, stated that “globalization implies an ethical and moral obligation for professional nurses to enter and function in a worldwide community” (Nursing Theories, 2011b).
Nurses have a great opportunity to enter the African community and exercise their certified ability to the needed population.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Though different in many respects from other types of services, health care services are also impacted by globalization. For example, some countries, especially developing ones, can attract customers by offering high quality health care at a lower cost than is available in their home country. And although this practice is relatively uncommon at the present time, our hypothesis is that, within a short time, this practice will greatly expand, partly due to the development of global standards of quality and the rise of processes of accreditation, both in health care and medical education.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Globalization: economic issues

Globalization is characterized by the circulation of goods and services between countries in response to criteria of efficiency. Such multilateral agreements between countries, unfortunately, often function to the detriment of the countries with less developed economies. Nevertheless, trade can also benefit developing countries. Outsourcing is one situation in which developing countries that are able to adopt standards, processes, and language of developed countries can benefit from the liberalization of the movement of goods and services. By undertaking some or all components of production or service provision for clients/consumers in the developed country, some economic benefits may occur to the developing country where the ‘outsourced’ service is provided.

But what, we might ask, is the impact of the process of globalization generally and outsourcing more particularly in the health care sector?Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

The circulation of health professionals

The movement of professionals in general tends to be detrimental to poorer countries. There are two aspects to this. The most classic is the settlement of young professionals, originally from less developed countries, in more developed countries from which they have graduated with professional credentials. A second phenomenon is the policy of some rich countries, who because they lack doctors and nurses, try to recruit recently trained graduates from poorer countries. The movement of professionals in this way is facilitated by systems that recognize degrees internationally.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper This issue has arisen recently, for example, in light of the ascension of Poland and the Czech Republic to the European Union and the mutual recognition of medical degrees that accompanied that integration []. Another emerging phenomenon is the development, in less developed countries, of medical curricula that have been adapted to North American or Western European standards and are offered in English, allowing such programs to negotiate a higher level of recognition worldwide and to provide a financially competitive education for students from wealthier countries.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

A new trend: the circulation of patients

The movement of patients is a more recent phenomenon. Though still marginal, so called ‘medical tourism’ is becoming more important. Treatments offered in western Europeans countries attract infertile couples from United States because they cost half or one third of those provided in North America. Elective surgery offered in highly sophisticated Indian hospitals tends to cost only 10–20% of identical treatment in western countries.

There is also a shift from personal initiatives to national incentives. Tunisia, for example, organized a conference at the beginning of December 2004 to attract health care purchasers from abroad. Purchasers, even those belonging to public systems can potentially be interested, when a reduction of costs by as much as 50–80% can be realized. A recent report shows that the issue has also been debated in Canada [].Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Will the development of international standards result in an explosion of health care outsourcing (Table )?
Table 1

International Quality Standards and Globalization

Services offered by different countries Services bought by individuals Quality/accreditation
Hospital care Care offered at lower price in a wide range of countries: elective surgery, aesthetic surgery, fertility treatment, and so on Europeans people (especially French) in Tunisia for aesthetic surgery, US people in Europe or South Africa for infertility treatment, and so on  Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper Development of international standards of accreditation of health care organization: Joint Commission International, Alpha program (Isqua), and so on
Medical education Courses in English for pregraduate training Medical school places offered in Poland, Czech Republic to citizens of other western countries, and so on International standards: World Federation for Medical Education, International Institute for Medical Education, Conférence Internationale des Doyens de Médecins d’ Expression Française, and so on  Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

We would argue that the development of international standards, increasingly proposed by professional bodies, both in the domain of quality of care (Alpha Program [] and International Joint Commission []) and in medical education (IIME, World Federation for Medical Education []) could potentially result in a significant increase in the movement of patients and health professionals across national boundaries. This will arise as external procedures accepted worldwide for the recognition of quality (in health care or in education) promise an equivalence of service.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

If this scenario comes to be, insurance companies will offer cheaper premiums (as will countries which are less and less able to finance the health care of their populations at least for elective and costly procedures), for care provided by countries that are ‘accredited’ and competitive. As difficult as it might be for us to imagine today, this phenomenon might also affect medical education. There are at least two reasons why this might occur. Firstly, medical education costs are soaring, and the promise of lower cost of education might be very attractive in an open educational ‘marketplace’. Secondly, the opportunity for students to train in the same places that patients from their countries are receiving care might be seen as both educationally sound and a bonus for patients who are being treated abroad. Eventually, we might imagine that countries that have welcomed international medical students for training might also like to recruit them to stay in order to provide care for patients who have come from the same countries of health care.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

What are the issues?

We foresee at least two issues that should be considered. The first is the potential of such developments to improve the quality in health care within the world. The second relates to issues of access to health care and the ethical dimensions associated [].

Developing international standards in medical education and health care delivery can help improving quality in health care all over the world. Nevertheless, two questions remain. To what extent can one be sure that international standards can be created that will fit the cultural, social, and economical contexts of very different countries? It is often assumed that, simply demonstrating compliance with quality processes, will lead to a result (of the education or of the treatment) that will be the same, whatever the country or the professionals involved. But to what extent can we be sure that applying, for example, North American (or European, or for that matter African or Asian) procedures and quality rules in other countries will lead to adequate quality?Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

The second question is ‘will adopting such universal standard contribute to the improvement of access to health care around the world?’ Simplistically, one might argue that simply lowering the cost of health care would give wider access to care (health care delivery would benefit a wider range of people and/or a wider range of care would be offered to people). But this has to be nuanced.

We have to consider who might benefit most from this new situation. Firstly, the patient may have little to say in where, when, and how their care is provided, given the priority of financial issues in the strategy of health care organization. Additionally, we can ask, how will we know if he or she really receive equivalent care at a lower price?Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Further, ethically speaking, it is not acceptable to exclude the local population from the benefits of care that is provided in their country for rich strangers, even if this organization allows less rich countries to develop employment in the health care sector. Finally, there is an inevitable and negative impact on employment in the health care sector of the rich countries who export their patients.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

Conclusion

It is the turn of health care delivery to be globalized. Nevertheless, health cannot be assumed to be the same as other basic goods. Linked to health care are many complex ethical, cultural, and human resource issues that we have only begun to name. Further, it is the duty of health professionals to promote health as a global human right. ‘Global public goods’ [], and, for this reason, we all must be very careful before launching headlong into the globalization of health care and health professional education, taking care to be certain that if we do, it will be for the benefit of all around the world.Nursing And Global Health Essay Paper

 

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