Concept of a Literature Review
Part 3: Literature ReviewComplete a literature review for your topic. The literature review should be no longer than 3 pages (750 to 835 words).If you are not sure what a literature review is or how to go about producing one, do a Google search using the keywords “literature review.” You will find a number of sites that will provide you with helpful explanations and material. The links below will provide you with a good selection of general information and examples.General Information• Learn How to Write a Review of Literature, the Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin–Madison• Write a Literature Review, VCU Libraries Research Guides• Writing a Literature Review and Using a Synthesis Matrix, VCU Libraries Research Guides• Write a Literature Review, UC Santa Cruz University LibraryLiterature Review Examples• Writing a Short Literature Review, William Ashton• Type of APA Papers: Literature Review, Purdue Online Writing LabA literature review is a comprehensive examination of available information that is related to your topic. When conducting a literature review, your aim is to locate information relevant to the research problems and issues at hand.An important reason for doing a literature review is that it can help clarify and define the research problem and research questions. Importantly, literature reviews can identify scales to measure variables and research methodologies that have been used successfully to study similar topics. Reviewing previous studies will save researchers time and effort because new scales will not need to be developed from scratch. Similarly, researchers can review successful published studies to see what methodologies (focus groups, surveys, or experiments) have been used to research a particular topic.With this information in mind, please conduct a literature review on your selected topic identified in Part 1.Below are some tips to keep in mind as you go about gathering information.1. Examine a number of research and theoretical sources to generate a picture of what is known and not known about the issue you are investigating using the following:o Academic libraries—colleges and universitieso Online searcho Public libraries2. Narrow your focus to identifying and investigating the main topic, subtopics, and arguments associated with the safety and health problem you are researching.o Keep your research organized.o Consider using a synthesis matrix to help with your organization.3. Use different search fields to help you locate relevant information:o Authorso Institutiono Titleo Source4. Use search keywords that will consist of major concepts or variables used in your profession and topics reviewed in the textbook to search the databases.o Keywords may be single words or phrases.o Most databases have a thesaurus that can be used to identify keywords.o Each keyword used should be listed in your written search plan.5. Limit database hits.o Some searches will yield thousands of hits from the databases.o To reduce the number of hits while increasing the relevance of citations, try the following strategies• Limit to English language.Limit the publication dates to recent years.• Limit to papers that are research.• Limit to full-text articles in your first attempt.6. Limit your utilization of web-based information.Advantage: Information is more current than that found in books.o Disadvantage: Information is uneven in terms of accuracy.o A considerable amount of misinformation can be found on the Internet, as well as some valuable resources that might not be found elsewhere.o It is important to check the source of any information obtained on the Internet to judge its validity.o If you use information from a website as a reference in a bibliography, the date it was viewed and the address (URL) are required for proper citation.