What are the five parts of an essay?

As a student, nine times out of 10, you will always be required to write an essay. Although the specific kind of essay is subject to the academic discipline, some components are uniform across all essays. Here is all you need to know about the five parts of an essay

Common types of essays

Before you put pen to paper and compose your first sentence, you’ll need to comprehend the principles of essay writing. But what is an essay? An essay is a brief piece of nonfiction writing that concentrates on a given topic. Typically, writers use the essay format to defend a thesis or present their viewpoint on a subject. There are several types of essays. They include the following:

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Critical essays

A critical essay is a form of academic writing in which the author analyzes and assesses a piece of literature. To transform an essay into a critical one, you must claim a particular idea, theme, or concept and then substantiate that assertion with proof.

Critical essays conduct an in-depth examination of a subject. They offer criticism on a variety of works, including places, novels, paintings, films, restaurants plays and movies.

Numerous college courses, particularly those in the humanities and literature, require students to write critical essays to demonstrate their ability to analyze critically and explore evidence from a specific work that justifies their observations.

Critical essays use evidence from the given text to support an argument. For instance, a book critic may mention in a book review that a book contains trite language. The book critic may then substantiate that assertion by quoting the exact paragraphs from the given book.

Critical analysis essay topics

Some of the topics in critical analysis essay include

  1. How social media is helping in eliminating poverty from the society
  2. Causes and effects of prostitution in our society
  3. Racism and discrimination in different institutions of the state
  4. Impact of encouragement on sportsman’s performance
  5. Impact of playing extremely violent video games on a child’s social behavior
  6. Importance of exercise and workout in maintaining a healthy body weight
  7. How the poet created the meaning in the poem “ My Last Duchess”
  8. The portrayal of vampires in the book VS TV show “The Vampire Diaries”
  9. How different media platforms playing their parts in promoting “green ideologies”
  10. is homelessness the biggest problem of our community?

Cause and effect essays

Cause and effect essay writing explain how particular actions or circumstances resulted in subsequent events. Writers should establish a clear link between the two sets of events or situations and explain how the beginning event’s characteristics resulted in the following occurrences.

Cause and effect essays are a subcategory of expository essays. Cause and effect essays should be factually accurate and with no subjective views. A cause-and-effect essay can look at how sir Isaac newton’s scientific discoveries resulted in the development of new physical theories.

cause and effect”) tries to demonstrate the relationship between two objects—specifically, how one object was influenced by another, such as how poverty leads to increased crime. These essays follow a chronological flow of ideas. They begin with the explanation of the cause, then to the explanation of the effect.

 Cause and effect essay topic in 2021

Some of the cause-and-effect essay topics in 2021 are

  1. What will happen if a person in your house stops doing chores?
  2. Pretend technology has disappeared forever. What will be the real picture?
  3. Why does going to college help people to have happier marriages and make better choices?
  4. What causes some women to get involved in destructive relationships repeatedly
  5. What makes a person to be a good police officer/parent/doctor/artist
  6. Causes and Effects of the Popularity of Fast-Food Restaurants
  7. What are the causes of a significant fall in the number of students in college libraries
  8. Is homeschooling proving to be more productive than charter schools?
  9. Why eating excessive fast food can influence the energy levels of an individual.
  10. Describe how smoking causes approximately 90% of all breast and lung cancer incidents.

Compare and contrast essay.

A compare and contrast essay is a category of essay that compares and contrasts two topics. True to its title, it demonstrates how the topics are identical in some respects and differ in others. The essay structure typically comprises body paragraphs that discuss the two issues before concluding with final analysis.

Writing a compare and contrast essay enables you to compare two subjects in the same piece of writing. This means that thesis statements, topic sentences, and descriptive features must incorporate information about both subjects. Additionally, compare and contrast essays need critical thought. To write one, you must go beyond plain descriptive writing and conduct analysis and explanation of the relationship between your subjects.

You will be required to write a compare and contrast essay mostly about travel locations, political figures, and current events.

Compare and contrast essay topics in 2021

Some of the best compare and contrast essay topics in 2021 are

  1. Earthquake or tsunami: consequences of which one are worse?
  2. American cinematography and the Soviet Union cinematography
  3. Therapy vs. medication
  4. Anxiety vs. Depression
  5. Importance of understanding economics vs. no need
  6. Visiting the library or studying in room: what is more productive?
  7. What is easier: learning from books or learning from the internet?
  8. Mechanical vs chemical: which engineering to choose
  9. Spending money on education vs spending money on fun
  10. Fundamental rights or directive principles of state policy

Descriptive essay

A descriptive essay writing describes something vividly and precisely—generally a place or item, but possibly something more abstract, such as an emotion. As with the narrative essay, this form of essay is more imaginative than the majority of academic writing.

Descriptive essays assess your capacity to employ unique and innovative language to convey an image of whatever you are describing to the reader. They are frequently assigned in high school and composition classes as writing assignments.

Descriptive essays require you to:

Use figurative language

Use your senses

Choose the right words

Use vivid language use clear and concise language

Some of the best descriptive essay topics in 2021 include

  1. Julius Caesar: the legendary commander

What was so remarkable about this man?

  1. Describe your favorite piece of furniture where you like to spend time and relax.
  2. Describe something that you would bury in a time capsule to tell people about what life is like today.
  3. Describe a time that something totally unexpected happened.
  4. Look at some old family photos and describe an older family member as he or she was when at your age.
  5. The most beautiful place on earth

Is it a city, a town, a mountain, or a volcano? What did you feel like when you were there? Or, if you have never been there, what captures your mind and makes you plan to go there?

  1. A hot summer day

Summer is the favorite season of many people. What do you associate with it?

  1. Describe a friend’s or family member’s house where you enjoy spending time.
  2. In the heart of Africa

What is it like to go on a safari or to see a lion standing not very far from you?

  1. Choose a piece of food to eat; then, write a description that includes how it looks, smells, and tastes.


Narrative essay

The term “narrative essay” refers to the writer’s recounting of a study or event. It is typically written in the first person and elaborates on the primary given subject. The objective of a narrative essay is to immerse the reader in the writer’s own experience.

The primary objective is to write an essay that is concise, thorough, and clearly discusses the primary subject. To the reader, the topic can be an incident, a story, or an event. Your objective is to describe it in such detail that readers feel as though they were present during the event.

Narrative essays use the following literacy techniques

  • Analogies
  • Metaphors
  • Dialogue
  • Imagery
  • Alliteration

Best narrative essay topics in 2021

Some of the best narrative essay topics in 2021 include

  1. A time when you felt embarrassed because you did not know a certain aspect of a group of people’s cultures
  2. A time in which your doctor perceived to be, or was, negligent
  3. Write about your first experience of physical or emotional pain. How did you overcome it?
  4. Talk about your observation of a cowardly act. Explain why you think it was cowardly and share what you would have done instead.
  5. A moment that completely changed my life
  6. The movie character I associate myself with
  7. Talk about the worst argument you’ve ever had with your parents
  8. How your best friend in primary school has influenced your life
  9. A time when you’ve decided what your future job should be
  10. Have you ever been inspired by a book character to behave a certain way? How do you empathize with this character?


Persuasive essay

The writer’s objective in a persuasive essay is to persuade the reader to embrace a particular point of view or to perform a particular action. A persuasive essay that is well-written demonstrates not just why the writer’s point of view is valid but also why the opposing point of view is inaccurate. Persuasive essays need thorough research, a knowledge of the reader’s prejudices, and a firm grasp of both sides of an argument.

Persuasive writing is ingrained in contemporary culture, appearing in blogs, advertising, political speeches and editorials, persuasive writing assignments, and test topics address current events, such as “The government is debating whether or not to withdraw military troops from the Middle East.” Compose an essay persuading the federal government to adopt your stance.” As seen in this persuasive writing topic, the primary objective is not to educate, but to “persuade” or “convince” an audience (the federal government) to believe or behave in a particular way.

Interesting Persuasive essay topics in 2021

If you are stuck on choosing a persuasive essay topic, feel free to use the following.

  1. Why do girls choose bad guys
  2. Bullies should be expelled from the educational establishments
  3. Animal testing should be prohibited
  4. Eating disorders are often caused by idealized body images in commercials and Instagram
  5. New technologies our not safe for our health
  6. Teenagers should be allowed to vote
  7. Does a diploma guarantee a better job?
  8. Beauty contests are among common causes of stress and depression among young girls
  9. Modern commercials negatively influence young women today
  10. . Driving tests should be regular and mandatory for people over 65 years

Analytical essay:

An analytical essay is a type of paper in which you make an argument and then analyze it through the use of supporting claims. Typically, this type of paper will analyze a book, an article, a specific event, or a film. If the essay is about an article, rather than summarizing its points, your analytical essay will require you to analyze the article’s style, author’s intentions, and main points.

To write a solid analytical essay, it is necessary to have a firm grasp on its nature and purpose: to conduct in-depth research on a topic assigned by a college professor. A student should conduct an in-depth assessment of the assigned problem, examining its positive and negative aspects. These points must then be developed further, with or without agreement on their nature. The explanations and supporting claims should be logically connected and backed up by a well-researched chain of facts.

Analytical essay topics in 2021

Some of the best analytical essay topics to choose from in 2021 are:

  1. Why are firstborn children better in studies than their other younger siblings?
  2. What are some differences in communication between a man and a woman?
  3. Why should illegal immigrants not be given equal rights in the country?
  4. What are the moral issues of Euthanasia?
  5. Why do people find spam emails more interesting than other emails?
  6. Why do children not want to learn foreign languages?
  7. Why do people want to conquer the highest peaks in the world?
  8. Why people can’t help desert tribes to make a system of getting clean water?
  9. Why many parents do not want to teach children the rules of etiquette?
  10. Does higher education guarantee a better and more successful life?

Expository essay:

The expository essay is a type of essay in which the student is required to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, elaborate on the idea, and present an argument about the idea clearly and concisely. This can be accomplished through example, definition, comparison, and contrast, and cause-and-effect analysis, among other techniques.

An expository essay had the following characteristics:

You write it to educate readers about a subject. You explain and describe pertinent facts to educate readers.

You write it in the third person, using a logical style, formal tone, and be precise,

You deliver exhaustive details on the subject.

Best Expository essay topics in 2021

Here are Some of the best expository essay topics you choose from

  1. Ways to minimize the negative influence of the media on people’s lives
  2. Going to college in your hometown or going to a different part of the country
  3. Should all schools receive the same amount of money from the government?
  4. Why do people calculate how many hours of sleep they will get?
  5. Explain why some teens’ parents do not like to be alone with their child’s boyfriend or girlfriend
  6. Explain why parents are sometimes strict.
  7. Explain the likely consequences of increasing the time between classes from five to 15 minutes.
  8. Explain why dealing with their parents’ divorce can be difficult for many teens.
  9. Describe three objects that symbolize our culture and explain why you selected them.
  10. Correlation between poverty and AIDS. Why this disease haunts poor countries?

The five Parts of an essay

Most writers think of essays as having three main parts:




Each is made up of one or several paragraphs


The introduction will be the first section of your essay, and it should begin by informing the reader precisely about the subject of your essay. Your thesis statement, which should appear right before the end of your introduction, should be a succinct and clear statement that summarizes your argument. The final sentence of the introduction should be a transitional sentence leading into the 5 paragraph essay

 How to write an introduction to your essay

The purpose of this section is to introduce the subject and explain why it is important to define the paper’s specific focus and to indicate how the paper will be organized.

Begin your introduction by informing readers of the paper’s general subject.

To avoid being too broad or vague, begin with a keyword from your title.

Justify the importance of the subject. Why should we be concerned?

For instance, you could inform readers that the subject is part of a larger debate or include a statistic indicating the number of people affected.

Introduce significant terms, theories, or passages that will be discussed throughout the paper.

Indicate the central argument of your paper and explain how you will substantiate it.

Consider framing this as a declaration of your focus. This is also referred to as a thesis argument, purpose statement, or hypothesis.


The body paragraphs make up a large portion of the essay. Why? Because these are the resources, you use to present and defend your arguments or ideas. However, similar to an introduction, they must adhere to a specific format to ensure that your essay does not veer off course!

Begin Strong

A standard essay structure should contain at least three body paragraphs. Your most vital point is in the first body paragraph. The second paragraph contains your next most compelling point or argument. Continue with this structure through your final body paragraph, which should present your weakest point. As with a race, you want to start strong, but it’s critical to maintain your momentum throughout the essay.

Use Reputable Research

For the majority of essays, you’ll need to cite credible sources and examples to support your theories and arguments. You can write the strongest essay in the world, but if it is entirely based on fallacies and lacks credible sources, your wonderful words will be lost in the big fat “D” on the paper. As a matter of fact, you’ll need to understand the distinction between primary and secondary sources, as well as how to use each to construct the most potent argument possible.

Topic sentence

Essays should flow seamlessly. Use the topic sentences to help the essay flow. Topic sentences provide an overview of the topic you will discuss in the paragraph. Then, use transition words to ensure a smooth transition from one argument to the next.

Failure to use transition words and topic sentences can strangle your essay’s flow.


The conclusion is the final paragraph of the five-paragraph essay. This paragraph should restate the thesis statement, but it should not be a direct repetition of the thesis statement.

Additionally, the conclusion should summarize the three primary points discussed in each body paragraph. The conclusion’s final sentence should serve as a clear signal that the essay has concluded; it may also include an application of your argument or something for the reader to take into account after reading the essay.

How to write a conclusion

What format should I use for the conclusion?

The purpose of this section is to summarize the essay’s critical themes and to establish the topic’s or issue’s broader significance.

Remind the reader of the essay’s central argument (without restarting it word-for-word).

Carry out one (or more) of the following actions:

  • Summarize the key ideas that aided in the development of your main point. (Note: The conclusion should contain no new information or evidence.)
  • Suggestions for later steps, additional research, or recommendations
  • Respond to the following question: “Why should readers care?” (Implications, significance).

The bottom line

Understanding the five parts of an essay is crucial you want to nail that essay. The information stated above will guide you towards writing an exceptional essay. However, if you find writing any kind of essay challenging, we are here for you. Just talk to our experts today.



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