Assignment: Distinct Mental Abilities

Assignment: Distinct Mental Abilities

Assignment: Distinct Mental Abilities

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Question 1

The theory that there are seven distinct mental abilities was proposed by ________.





0.5 points
Question 2

Clayton is looking for a house to buy. As he looks at different houses, he weighs the different features that each house offers. For instance, while he prefers a brick house, he saw a wooden house that had a better floor plan, a reasonable price, and was in a good school district. Clayton decides that the wooden house is a better buy despite not being made of brick. His decision-making style involved the use of a ________.

means-end analysis

noncompensatory model

compensatory model

functional mind set

0.5 points
Question 3

Failing to see that a wrench can also be used to hammer a nail is an example of ________.

functional fixedness

reproductive thinking

positive transfer

learned helplessness

0.5 points
Question 4

The type of knowledge that allows a specialist to work efficiently on a problem without the elaborate preparation that a new problem would require of a beginner is ________.



problem set


0.5 points
Question 5

Higher grades and intelligence test scores predict ________.

performance on the job but not occupational success

occupational success, but not performance on the job

occupational success and performance on the job

neither occupational success nor performance on the job

0.5 points
Question 6

Jane has severe motor coordination deficits, and problems in performing daily tasks needed to function independently. Which of the following is also necessary to classify her as mentally retarded?

evidence of chromosomal abnormality

an IQ score of about or below

manifestation of violent behavior and withdrawal

proof that she does not have phenylketonuria

0.5 points
Question 7

Which of the following is not one of the types of mental abilities measured by the current version of the Stanford-Binet test?

quantitative reasoning

verbal reasoning

long-term memory

abstract/visual reasoning

0.5 points
Question 8

A problem-solving strategy in which an individual or a group produces numerous ideas and evaluates them only after all ideas have been collected is called ________.



functional analysis

convergent thinking

0.5 points
Question 9

Which of the following experimental results best refutes the linguistic relativity hypothesis?

Members of a primitive tribe who were asked to perform a task using top-down processing completed it more quickly than those using bottom-up processing.

Members of a primitive tribe whose language has no words for colors could still think about a wide variety of colors.

People who had to rotate a consonant 90 degrees to compare it to a prototype recognized it more quickly than people who had to rotate it 180 degrees.

People retrieved the word “brown” faster than “muddy brown.”

0.5 points
Question 10

When test results are in agreement with some other direct and independent measure of that which the test is designed to predict, the test exhibits ________.

alternate-form reliability

criterion-related validity

content validity

test-retest reliability

0.5 points
Question 11

Which of the following is a true statement?

Nothing can be done to reduce the effects of biological mental retardation.

Little can be done to reduce the effects of biological mental retardation.

The effects of biological mental retardation can be eliminated through education and training.

The effects of biological mental retardation can be reduced through education and training.

0.5 points
Question 12

About one person in ________ is afflicted with PKU.





0.5 points
Question 13

The first intelligence test was designed by ________.

Binet and Terman

Binet and Simon

Stanford and Terman

Stanford and Binet

0.5 points
Question 14

In a recent study that required men and women to respond to gender-neutral and gender- specific pronouns, ________ responded more quickly to stimuli that contained traditional gender stereotypes than to stimuli that contained nontraditional stereotypes.

men, but not women

women, but not men

both women and men


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