Assignment: Blood donors
Assignment: Blood donors
Mary, the director of nursing at a regional blood bank, is concerned about the declining number of blood donors. It’s May, and Mary knows that the approaching summer will mean increased demands for blood and decreased supplies, especially of rare blood types. She is excited, therefore, when a large corporation offers to host a series of blood drives at all of its locations, beginning at corporate headquarters. Soon after Mary and her staff arrive at the corporate site, Mary hears a disturbance. Apparently, a nurse named Peggy was drawing blood from a male donor with a very rare blood type when the donor fondled her breast. Peggy jumped back and began to cry. Joe, a male colleague, sprang to Peggy defense and told the donor to leave the premises. To Mary’s horror, the male donor was a senior manager with the corporation. What is the ethical dilemma in this case, and what values are in conflict? How should Mary deal with Peggy, Joe, the donor, and representatives of the corporation?
32. Which of the following IS NOT a cognitive-behavioral technique used in the treatment of somatoform disorders?
a. Relaxation training
b. Response prevention
c. Automatic thought correction
d. Disengagement prevention
33. Dissociative amnesia involving recall of factual information may be __ or generalized.
34. The widely varying rates of dissociative disorders found throughout the world may point to there being a
a. culture-free syndrome.
b. culture-bound syndrome.
c. prevalent disorder independent of culture.
d. universal psychological phenomenon.
35. Which of the following is FALSE regarding recovered memory?
a. According to research, memory appears to be more of a passive process than an active
b. Research on human memory tells us that memory involves reconstruction of events.
c. Memories recalled in detail and with confidence may not always be valid recollections.
d. Asking misleading questions leads eye witnesses to construct memories for events that did not happen.
36. Which type of disordered behavior is most likely to make for a valued customer on a television home-shopping channel?
a. Psychotic Episode
b. Depressive Episode
c. Manic Episode
d. Dysthymic Episode
37. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding bipolar disorder?
a. It requires lifelong treatment and clinical management.
b. It begins in early childhood but often disappears in early adulthood.
c. It is more prevalent in third wor d countries than in the U.S.
d. It has a significant relationship to creativity.
38. What percentage of women develops depression during pregnancy?
a. more than 50
b. 10-17 c.5-10
d. less than 2
39.Select the factor below that is associated with an increased risk for bipolar disorder.
a. Having a close relative identified as having the disorder.
b. Living in the western U.S.
c. Being female.
d. Being an unmarried mother.
40. In the U.S., approximately of people attempt suicide at some point in their lives.
a.30-40 b.25-28 c. 11-20 d.2-5
41. A patient committed suicide. In an attempt to better understand factors leading up to this death, the therapist interviews the patient’s family, co-workers, friends, and treating physicians. This approach is known as a
a. psychological autopsy.
b. post-mortem investigation.
c. psychological inquiry.
d. psychological debriefing.
42. Research using fMRI studies of bipolar-disordered patients undergoing emotional and cognitive tasks has shown abnormal brain activity in
a. multiple regions.
b. the occi pital region.
c. scarred brai n regions.
d. every brain region.
43. Unlike overeating too much of a favorite food, people with bulimia nervosa _
a. consume a large amount of food in a short period of time and use compensatory
b. consume a large quantity of food in a brief period of time but do not use laxatives.
c. do not have trouble stopping when they feel full.
d. feel more control over their eating because they have compensatory behaviors to regulate weight gain.
70. A noninvasive technique has been developed to treat the symptoms of several psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. This treatment, which stimulates neurons in specific brain
regions with a magnetic current, is called _
a. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
b. functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
c. transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
d. nuclear magnetic stimulation (NMS)
71. At the heart of avoidant personality disorder lies
a. the need to be closer to others than relationships actually are.
b. the need to be the center of attention.
c. a sense of inadequacy and shyness.
d. a deep fear of abandonment.
72. Although personality-related problems are one of the main reasons why people seek out
therapy, as many as of these patients do not meet the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria
for a personality disorder.Assignment: Blood donors
a.60 b.30 c.45 d.15
73. Functional impairments in personality disorders are most often seen in what area?
a. Cognitive deficits
c. Medical problems
d. Interpersonal relationships
74. Family and twin research studies have shown that personality disorders and traits
a. are solely caused by environmental factors.
b. run in families and are influenced primarily by genetic factors.
c. are the result of a single gene being responsible for the development of a single trait.
d. are the result of some unknown outside variable that has yet to be discovered.
75. theories look beyond the individual and include the role that cultural
influences play in the development of personality.
a. Cogn itive-behavioral
d. Social development