Social Science homework help
Which of the following statements helps explain why Jack Katz thought his book, Seductions of Crime, explained deviance in a new way?
Conflict theorists have frequently argued that differences in economic resources give elites the ability to control the coercive apparatus of the state. Pronounced economic differences also provide elites with a need to maintain order.
Three decades ago, criminologists widely decried the failure of rehabilitative efforts to reduce recidivism. This “nothing works” attitude permeated the field of criminal justice, and a period of punitive justice was ushered in.
The social science literature contains only scattered evidence of what it means, feels, sounds, tastes, or looks like to commit a particular crime.
Society should be considered as a cross between the cultural “goals” that it believes its members should strive for, and the “means” that are believed, legally or morally, to be legitimate ways that individuals should attain these goals.
The discussion of positivist theories centering on peculiarities or abnormalities of the individual considers theories related to physical appearance, mental deficiency and feeblemindedness, hereditary and biological defectiveness, and psychiatry.
Kate Bornstein argues that civil-rights legislation designed to protect people with alternative sexualities mostly helps straight-acting, straight-appearing people because:
straight-acting, straight-appearing people have never been labeled deviant
in order to generate social cohesion, we have to find someone to discriminate against
the more someone deviates from the “perfect identity,” the less power they have
such legislation is designed to help punish those who are extremely different from the mainstream
those who can’t “pass” as straight in public are rebels
Instead of solely examining background factors, what does the sociologist Jack Katz think that sociologists should study when trying to understand deviance?
the deviant’s own experience of committing a deviant act
the correlation between deviance and poverty
the way that deviance tends to be handed down through generations
the role that poverty plays in encouraging deviance
the hidden correlation between crime and marital status
What is the Uniform Crime Report used for?
to assign federal law-enforcement funding to different areas
to understand all the norm violations that occur
to understand the interplay of taboos and mores
to understand sentencing guidelines as they relate to race and class
to make comparisons in crime rates between years and geographic regions
Which of the following is true of entomophagy, the eating of insects?
The 1,462 species of edible insects are very environmentally friendly to raise.
There are few taboos as strong in the contemporary United States as the one against eating bugs.
Many bugs have a better feed-to-meat ratio than other animals.
Many bugs have a better protein-to-fat ratio than other animals that are raised for meat.
all of the above
Today ecoterrorists in America have taken many radical actions, including burning down ski lodges, blowing up Hummers, freeing lab animals, and chaining themselves to trees. These actions are often seen as extremely deviant, but many of the perpetrators believe that in the future they will be hailed as heroes, in which case their actions will be seen as:
Which of these factors make sociologists question the relationship between youth and crime?
Official crime statistics show that middle-aged people commit a large percentage of the crimes in our society.
Young people may commit crimes that are more visible and therefore are arrested more often.
Young people may commit more property crimes, but older people commit more violent crimes.
The Uniform Crime Report shows that young people commit only a small percentage of crimes.
all of the above
Which of the following is NOT a justification for punishment in the United States today?
rehabilitation of the criminal
preventing crime in the future
reimbursement of the victim
retribution for the crime
incapacitation of the criminal
According to Jack Katz, what do muggers gain from their crimes?
Nothing, they are caught too fast.
He argues that they are often trying to return to prison, where they feel more secure.
He argues that they mug individuals who they suspect may be carrying illegal drugs instead of money.
He argues that they mug for a sense of satisfaction and excitement.
He argues that they mug for a steady living that allows them to eventually move up in social status.
The Amish have neither the resources nor the desire to use prison as a sanction against members of their community who violate the rules. What sanction do they use instead?
Various methods of corporal punishment are used, whereby petty criminals may be branded, have their ears cropped, their noses slit, or even their fingers cut off.
Offenders are flogged or put in stocks to be publicly humiliated for a short period of time.
Monetary fines are used for most norm violations.
Meidung, or shunning, a process whereby no one within the community will associate or even talk with a rule breaker for a set period of time, is used.
Banishment is used, whereby violators are forced to leave the community and create a new life somewhere else.
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